sccm collection ou not updating - Establishment clause prohibits congress mandating state
Religious freedom includes the freedom to worship, to print instructional material, to train teachers and to organize groups for their employment and schools in which to teach, including religion.From the Colonial era to the present, religions and religious beliefs have played a significant role in the political life of the United States.The 1689 English Bill of Rights secured the rights of all "persons" to be free from establishment of Catholic Church laws in the government of England.
While the Anti-Establishment Clause does prohibit Congress from preferring or elevating one religion over another, it does not prohibit the government's entry into the religious domain to make accommodations for religious observances and practices in order to achieve the purposes of the Free Exercise Clause.
The Constitutions of Clarendon, an 11th Century English law, had prohibited criminal defendants using religious laws (primarily those of the Catholic Church) to seek exemption from criminal prosecution.
Now that America has expanded from the largely Protestant pluralism of the 17th century to a nation of some 3,000 religious groups, it is more vital than ever that every citizen understand the appropriate role of religion in public life and affirm the constitutional guarantees of religious liberty, or freedom of conscience, for people of all faiths and none.
The philosophical ideas and religious convictions of Roger Williams, William Penn, John Leland, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison and other leaders were decisive in the struggle for freedom of conscience.
After the district court held that the law remained in violation of the establishment clause, the Supreme Court agreed to hear a new (1940).